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Tuesday
Jul202010

Luster Paper

Luster paper has a surface reflectance between Gloss and Matte and contains a pebbled surface texture. Like most descriptive terms, luster is highly subjective and many manufacturers use the term. Not all luster products are identical.

Tuesday
Jul202010

Matte

A matte surface is a non-reflective surface.

Tuesday
Jul202010

Megapixel

Megapixel (MP or MPx) is one million pixels. In the world of digital cameras, a pixel is the individual photosite or light sensitive particle. A higher megapixel count does not equate to a higher quality image, as not all pixels are the same size nor are they equally sensitive.

Tuesday
Jul202010

MicroSD

A format for flash memory in the form of a small card. MicroSD cards allow you to store digital memory and easily transfer that data from your camera’s MicroSD card to your computer. MicroSD cards are available in storage capacities from 4-32GB. SanDisk is a popular manufacturer of MicroSD cards.

SanDisk microSD (Image from SanDisk Website)

Tuesday
Jul202010

Mouldmade

Mouldmade paper closely resembles handmade paper and is made on a cylinder-mould machine.

In The Book of Fine Paper, the bible of paper making, the process is described in great detail. "The cylinder [wrapped in wire or screen] revolves half immersed in a vat of highly diluted pulp. As it turns, it forms a continuous fibrous sheet (called a web). This layer is picked up at the top of the cylinder by a suction roller surrounded by wet felts. The web of paper then passes through the 'pressing' section consiting of upper and lower rolls which mechanically squeeze out the water. Both rolls are covered by wet woolen felts, giving a surface to the paper which is very similar on both sides. As the web is fed through the drying section, it passes around a series of steam-heated cylinders before being finally reeled up at the end of the process as a continous roll of paper." (Turner, 18)

Mouldmade papers are typically more expensive than so-called machinemade papers as they are slower to produce and require great attention to detail.

Tuesday
Jul202010

Museum Grade

A cotton rag paper that is of archival quality. Most museum grade papers adhere to ISO 11108 Standards. The term is used loosely by manufacturers and care should be taken to confirm that individual products meet the standards and/or are at least acid- and lignin-free.

Tuesday
Jul202010

Pearl

Pearl is a term, like Luster and Gloss used to describe the surface of photo paper. In general peral papers are one notch above matte and feature a smooth to slightly textured surface.

Tuesday
Jul202010

pH Value

pH value indicates whether the paper is acidic or alkaline. Acidic paper will deteriorate over time, buffering the paper lowers the pH by adding alkaline and can increase the life of the paper by helping to absorb any acid in materials that may come in to contact with the paper. Calcium carbonate is the most common buffering agent.

Tuesday
Jul202010

Rag Paper

Paper made of cotton is commonly referred to as rag paper. Traditionally cotton rag papers were made entirely of cotton textiles however today the most common source is cotton linters. Cotton linters are the waste from production of things like cotton t-shirts. Not all rag papers are made entirely of cotton and often the manufacturer will provide a cotton content amount like 75% rag. Rag papers are generally more stable than their pulp counterparts. Cotton is naturally acid- and lignin-free.

Tuesday
Jul202010

RC Paper

Resin Coated (RC) papers are a type of photographic paper made from a pulp base that has been coated with a plastic. This plasticized base is then coated with an ink-receptive coating or silver halide coating for photographic printing.

Tuesday
Jul202010

Resolution

The amount of information available in a given image or display. The term is denoted as  PPI (Pixels per Inch) when referring to a screen, or DPI (Dots per Inch) when referring to a print.

Tuesday
Jul202010

RGB

RGB or (Red, Green & Blue) is a color model in which these three colors can be coupled to produce a large array of different colors that are seen by the eye.

RGB color is known as additive color theory and is used in all displays like computer monitors and televisions. The combination of red, green, and blue results in the color white.

Tuesday
Jul202010

RIP Software

A Raster Image Processor or RIP turns vector images into high-resolution images. RIP Software works as a translator/converter between PS images on your computer to raster images on your printer. More advanced RIP Software allows users to enhance workflow in production printing  by batch processing, nesting, cropping, "best-fit", preview, Advanced layout functions, scaling and queing print jobs. Some Post Script (PS) printers have RIP Software built-in to enhance workflow. Popular RIP Software producers include: ImagePrint and ColorBurst.

Tuesday
Jul202010

Satin

A satin finish is a low-lustre, semi-gloss smooth surface.

Tuesday
Jul202010

Sharpen

Sharpening an image attempts to correct misfocused areas in an image and attempts to make them look more "sharp." Most image editing software such as Aperture, Lightroom and Photoshop have sharpening tools. Some programs like NIK Software's Sharpener 3.0 focus specifically on image sharpening aspects of digital image editing.



Tuesday
Jul202010

Should I print my photos on resin-coated or fiber paper?

This is a personal preference and will be determined by not only your preferred look-and-feel of the final print but also the material and longevity you are trying to achieve. Also an important consideration is the final display of the print itself.

Tuesday
Jul202010

Shutter Speed

The amount of time that the shutter (mechanical opening) is open exposing film or a digital sensor to light. These speeds range from fractions of a second to minutes and are determined by a balance between the aperture, available light, ISO speed, and desired effect.

Tuesday
Jul202010

Silver Halide Photo Papers

In photographic paper application silver halide crystal was used in gelatin form to coat the surface of several wet process photographic papers, traditionally used in black and white photographic prints. Several inkjet papers such as Fiber (fibre), baryta, and silver papers attempt to replicate the look-and-fell of traditional silver halide papers in an inkjet receptive form.

Tuesday
Jul202010

Solvent

Solvent inks are inks that use a solvent as the pigment carrier which evaporates once applied to the substrate. The solvent carrier is necessary as the medium is usually a type of adhesive or glue that literally sticks to the surface of whatever is being printed on.

Epson GS 6000 solvent printer.Solvent based inks have been used primarily in the signage markets but have recently seen increased use in fine art printing with the introduction of the Epson GS series printers.

Monday
Jul192010

The paper I want to print on is not listed in my printer driver, can I still use it? Do I need an ICC profile?

The short answer is yes. Each printer manufacturer creates basic paper settings and names them according to their branded products. Using a similar setting will in general provide a good starting point. Most printer drivers also include advanced tools to adjust the ink and color to effectively create your own settings. ICC profiles do this work for you so we recommend finding or creating a customer profile for the best results.